Reading with dyslexia
Struggling children need the same rigorous foundational phonics programme as their classmates, with the addition of 10-15 minutes of extra daily practice with decodable readers such as BRI.
Piper Books addresses the main dyslexic problems that lead to severe reading difficulties:
BRI-ARI instruction (for younger children) and MRI (for older children, teenagers and adults) place great emphasis on the ‘how-to’ of decoding. This focus provides essential phonological practice as students learn to blend and segment. Growing awareness of the smallest sounds in words is enhanced in the early stages by Spelling with BRI, with children learning to encode by ‘saying the sounds’ as they write each word.
Short-term and long-term memory
“The most effective way to remember the code’s patterns with minimum effort is through controlled exposure and varied repetition.”
Diane McGuinness, Early Reading Instruction
Beginning Reading Instruction: BRI gives children the necessary tools to handle fresh information. New correspondences and words are introduced meticulously, with memory overload avoided at all times. Correspondences are normally encountered at least five times on first introduction and a minimum of five more times in subsequent books. Only four words and five sounds are introduced in the first few stories, with ingenious little plots created from these slight beginnings.
Letters which dyslexic readers readily confuse – e.g. b, d – p, q – h, n – v, w – are widely separated in the instruction.
The selection of letter/sound correspondences in the first stories facilitates the ‘blending’ of sounds: those sounds that are particularly easy to blend, e.g. /m/ and /s/, are introduced early.
Dyslexic children are frequently hampered by slow processing. BRI helps to speed up processing through careful structuring and word repetition. In addition, rereading leads to engagement with all aspects of storytelling, including the encouragement of expressive reading and a marked increase in confidence as well as in fluency.
Eye tracking problems
The BRI instruction, sound through the word, helps children to develop the habit of directional reading, training the eye muscles to preferentially track from left to right and the brain to preferentially see to the right in peripheral vision. For children finding this process difficult, the Notched Card is an effective means of ensuring left-to-right tracking (See resources).
ARI readers continue with the structured introduction of the code, increasingly focusing on its complexities. Each set – suitable for KS1 and KS2 children – continue to bridge the gap between decoding skills and reading for meaning and offer sustained and enjoyable reading practice.
For older students for dyslexia:
MRI: Mature Reading Instruction
MRI approaches instructional, narrative and language-rich elements of reading within over eighty poems, plays and stories. The five Levels instil good decoding practices whilst offering the opportunity for sustained reading.
Easy-to-follow approach to foundational skills
Slowly increasing in complexity
Abundant opportunities for overlearning
To reinforce the fundamentals
For fluency development and enhanced comprehension
MRI Tutor Guide
An easy-to-use photocopiable guide provides essential help for students with dyslexia.
- Primary Causes of Reading Difficulty
- Initial and Mastery Assessments
- Sound Checks
- Background Notes on the Stories
- Record Sheets
- Timed and Accurate Word Reading